OSX set up Python (Anaconda)

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Download and install Python[edit]

We're going to be installing Python using a software collection that includes Python. The collection is called Anaconda. Anaconda includes the Python programming language and a bunch of different pieces of software that are useful for data science and analysis. Although the collection includes all free software, it is put together by a commercial company called Continuum Analytics.

Note: Even if you already have a version of Python on your computer, we suggest you follow these instructions and download Anaconda. This will help ensure that you can follow along during our in-class activities, and will make it easier for mentors to help you if you get stuck on something.

Download option #1[edit]

Try to download the installer from this file which contains Anaconda and Python 3.7 for MacOS.

Download option #2[edit]

If option 1 above doesn't work for any reason, download the Python 3.7 option from Anaconda's website. If necessary, scroll down to the "Anaconda 2019.10 for macOS Installer" section.

Installation[edit]

Cmbox notice.png If you are on MacOS 10.15 (Catalina), you must follow an additional step which is noted below. If you don't, Anaconda won't work quite right!

To install Anaconda, simply open the package and follow the prompts. You may be asked to enter your password by Package Installer.

Install notes[edit]

  • If you get stuck during the install process, ask a neighbor or raise your hand for help. These instructions may also be helpful.
  • At the end of the installer, you may be prompted if you'd like to send the installation package to the trash. Doing so won't damage the installation and will free up ~600MB of disk space on your computer.
Prompt from Package Installer asking if it is OK to trash the installation package.

Special Steps for people using Mac OS 10.15[edit]

If you are using MacOS 10.15 (Catalina) or above, you will need to configure the system to recognize Anaconda. You can find out which version of MacOS you have: you can click the Apple menu icon at the top left corner of your screen and then select the “About This Mac” command.

If the version number says 10.15 or higher it means you have a pretty new computer (congratulations on that). It also means that you will need to have to do an additional step. It might be a good idea to raise your hand and ask a mentor for help with this part.

To do so, open Terminal.app (either using Command-space or opening Applications > Utilities > Terminal.app and entering the following:

./opt/anaconda3/bin/conda init zsh

You should end up with something like this:

A terminal window showing the result of configuring Conda and MacOS Catalina.

Once you're done, you can quit Terminal (either with Command-Q or the menu option Terminal > Quit Terminal).

Test your Python install[edit]

To use Anaconda on MacOS, you will primarily use the Anaconda Navigator; It lets you manage the installed python tools, create custom setups, and launch tools like Jupyter.

The easiest way to launch the Anaconda Navigator is from inside the Applications folder:

Macos-anaconda-navigator.png

The navigator will start up and greet you with a list of installed and available tools:

Macos-anaconda-nav-hub.png

One of the options (it's the middle option in the screenshot) should be called "Jupyter Notebook". Click that to open Jupyter Notebook! After a few seconds, you'll see a new tab open in your default browser. It will look something like this:

Jupyternb launch.png

Your default browser is where you'll be working with Jupyter Notebooks.

If for some reason you don't see something in your browser, let a mentor know.

When you launched the notebook from Anaconda, you may have noticed a Terminal window popped up, like this:

Terminal.png

You can hide it, but do not close it during the whole time when you are using the Jupyter Notebook. If you close it, your Jupyter Notebook will be closed automatically.

To close Anaconda, first go to your terminal, then, press "CONTROL+C" keys, you will see a new line on your terminal:

Shutdownline.png

Press "y" key, then press "RETURN" key. Now your Anaconda is closed :)

Now Anaconda is not running on your terminal. You can press the "x" on the upper left corner of your terminal window to close the terminal as well.


Success! You've gotten Anaconda and Python working on your Mac!

Success![edit]

You have installed and configured Python. You can move on to the next step.